Windows Small Business Server 2011 : Installing the Second Server (part 2)

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2.2. Initial Configuration

After the SBS Premium second server installation completes, there are still quite a few tasks to perform. The basic requirements haven’t changed—they’ve just been shifted to after, instead of during, the install. At minimum, you’ll need to perform the following tasks on a fresh server installation:

  • Assign the initial Administrator account password.

  • Install any hardware drivers required.

  • Set the time zone.

  • Configure the networking.

  • Assign a name to the server.

  • Join the server to the SBS domain.

  • Configure automatic updates and automatic feedback settings.

  • Check for updates and install them.

The first of those tasks, assigning the Administrator account password, is required before you can log on for the first time, so we’ve already covered that.

There are additional tasks on the Initial Configuration Tasks (ICT) Wizard that you probably want to perform as part of your initial setup:

  • Activate Windows.

  • Add server roles.

  • Add server features.

  • Enable Remote Desktop.

  • Configure Windows Firewall.

  • Exactly which roles and features you’ll need to install varies depending on what the server will be used for. We’ll cover the basics of adding a feature here, by adding the Windows Backup feature.

2.2.1. Install Hardware Drivers

There’s a missing piece in the ICT Wizard—no direct way to add hardware drivers for any hardware on the server that isn’t recognized. Microsoft makes every effort to get as many drivers as possible on the installation DVD, but the reality is that new hardware will continue to be released, and the drivers are limited to what was available when Windows Server 2008 R2 shipped. So some hardware might require drivers that aren’t on the DVD. If these are drivers for hard disk controllers, you always have the option of adding them during the installation, but for other hardware you need to wait until Windows Server 2008 R2 is installed.

After the installation completes and you’ve logged on, you can install additional drivers as required. We think it’s a good idea to do this as the first step before configuring any settings in the ICT. This is especially important if your network card isn’t recognized, because you’ll need connectivity to the SBS network to complete the rest of the ICT.

2.2.2. Setting the Time Zone

During the initial installation, Windows will pick a time zone (probably not the one you’re in unless you live on the west coast of North America) and will also set the current date and time based on your computer’s BIOS. To set the date and time, as well as the current time zone, click the link on the ICT Wizard to open the Date And Time dialog box shown in Figure 10. After you’ve set your server’s clock and time zone, click Apply and then click OK to return to the ICT Wizard.

Figure 10. The Date And Time dialog box

Additional Clocks

Windows Server 2008 R2 lets you configure two additional clocks as part of the Date And Time dialog box. If you configure additional clocks, the times in those time zones will be visible when you pause the mouse cursor on the clock.

If you regularly work with folks in another time zone, you eventually get used to the time difference and don’t need additional clocks on your server. And, after all, you shouldn’t be sitting at the server console in most cases anyway. But we still find it handy, and because we work with folks in Europe and Australia fairly often, we turn on two additional clocks: one set to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), and the other set to GMT+10 hours, for Sydney, Australia. This ensures that when we call at a totally unreasonable hour, we have absolutely no excuse.

2.2.3. Configuring Networking

Next on the list is configuring your networking. By default, your new server has enabled both IPv4 and IPv6, and with the DHCP server running on the main SBS 2011 server, you should have automatically assigned IP addresses. For servers, we highly recommend that at least the IPv4 address be a fixed address. In most scenarios, the IPv6 address can be a stateless autoconfiguration address.


If no DHCP server is available, the server will have a link-local address—an autoconfiguration IP address that is unique on the network but won’t be forwarded by routers to another network. These IP addresses begin with 169.254. If your second server has an IP address in this range, check for problems with the physical network connecting the second server to the SBS server, or for problems with the DHCP Server service on the main SBS 2011 server.

To configure the networking and set a fixed IP address for the server, follow these steps:

  1. Click Configure Networking in the Initial Configuration Tasks window to open the Network Connections Control Panel application shown in Figure 11.

    Figure 11. The Network Connections Control Panel application

  2. Right-click the connection you want to configure and select Properties from the shortcut menu to open the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, shown in Figure 12.

    Figure 12. The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box

  3. Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and click Properties.

  4. Select Use The Following IP Address, as shown in Figure 13.

    Figure 13. The Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box

  5. Enter an IP address, a subnet mask, and a default gateway appropriate to your network. This should be in the range excluded from the SBS 2011 DHCP server range.


    By default, the SBS server will be at 192.168.nnn.2, where nnn is the subnet used by your Internet router. On our network this is 0, so we’ve assigned as the IP address for our second server. Your subnet will likely be different.

  6. Specify the Preferred DNS Server for your network. This will be the IP address of the primary SBS 2011 server.

  7. Click OK to close the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box, and then click Close to complete the configuration of the connection.

  8. Close the Network Connections window by clicking in the upper right corner of the window to return to the ICT Wizard page.

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