Windows 7 : Computer Management (part 2) - Shared Folders,Services

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3. Shared Folders

The Shared Folders node (see Figure 4) includes three nodes:

  • Shares— Allows you to manage the properties of each shared resource. For example, you can alter the access rights for a shared resource so that certain users have read-only access. You can also change share permissions for a resource in the Properties dialog box of any shared resource by right-clicking the resource and clicking Properties.

  • Sessions— Allows you to see which users are connected to a share and, optionally, disconnect them.

  • Open Files— Allows you to see which files and resources are open on a share. You also can close files that are open.

Figure 4. The Shared Folders section of the MMC, displaying a file opened by another user via Windows 7’s new HomeGroup feature.

4. Services

Windows 7 is highly modular. Many of the inner housekeeping chores of the OS are broken down into services that can be added, removed, started, and stopped at any time, without requiring a reboot. A typical Windows 7 system has 60 or more services running at any one time. When Computer Management is open, you can view Services in use by expanding the Services and Applications node and clicking Services. You can also use the Services shortcut in Administrative Tools, the Component Services shortcut in Administrative Tools, or by opening Task Manager and viewing the Services tab.

Use the Services dialog in Computer Management to view all installed services and their status (Automatic, Manual, or Stopped). Use this tool to start and stop services. Figure 5 shows a typical Services listing. To start, stop, pause, or restart a service, you can use the context menu or the VCR-like buttons on the toolbar. For deeper control of a service, such as to declare what automatic recovery steps should be taken in the case of the service crashing, which hardware profiles it should run in, and more, right-click the service and select Properties.

Figure 5. The Services dialog in the MMC.

Within the Properties dialog box, you’ll find controls to set a service’s startup type (Automatic, Manual, or Disabled), start, stop, pause, and resume buttons, and a startup parameters field. You also can set the account under which the service is executed (Log On tab), define how a service recovers from failures—for example, restart, run a program, or reboot the system (Recovery tab), and view a list of service, program, and driver dependencies (Dependencies tab).


You might find websites suggesting that you can speed up your computer by disabling a bunch of Windows services. We don’t recommend that you do this. Microsoft has made Windows 7 do a very good job of keeping services out of your way, especially during startup and shutdown, so we suggest leaving the default set of services alone.

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